Use of Kronheim sheets discovered – and shows collaboration works

 

Fig 1

Fig 2

Some years ago I acquired two sheets of Kronheim prints, not the regularly seen ‘New Hall Vault’ sheets but two sheets of four prints each with wording under. I presumed these must be intended as book illustrations but at the time I couldn’t find out any details.
 

Moving on a few years I was assisting Laura Carnelos, Collections Research Assistant at the University of Reading Department of Typography, to try to help identify a number of prints in their collection which included one of these sheets. The process, colour and style all inferred they were by Kronheim which was further confirmed by the way the sheets were numbered.
 

A couple of days later Laura emailed as, after some research, she had discovered that the quotes on her sheet were all from books by T S (Timothy Shaw) Arthur. I researched the prolific author and ascertained that the vast majority of his books were all published in Philadelphia but at least one edition was published by William Nicholson in the UK. I managed to locate two examples online of the actual prints being used in the books and it seems that the publisher, Nicholson, might be the connection.

Moving on again a short while and I was visiting Roger & Yvonne of the New Baxter Society and, 

while viewing part of their extensive collection, came across these sheets and mentioned what Laura and myself had managed to find out. Roger disappeared for a few moments returning with an arm full of books all by T S Arthur and published by William Nicholson.
 

We now know the names of seven books that these prints would illustrate of which we have images of five of them.

The captions and book titles are as follows starting with fig 1 and going from the top left, clockwise:

 

Touch me not! I am already pledged to another - from The Hand but not the Heart; or the Long Trials of Jessie Loring
 

She opened her desk, and to his bewildered sight a pile of gold  - from Orange Blossoms - fresh and faded

To do good my children, is to be happy  - from Light on Shadowed Paths

She could not resist plucking the beautiful flowers by the wayside  - from Golden Grains from Life’s Harvest Field

For the second sheet - Fig 2 - Deed, massa, Ise glad you come -  no book found to confirm but the words come straight out of Arthur’s Twenty Years Ago and Now or The Allen House

Have I a right thus to dispose of myself?  - From Helen Lee; or the Old Man’s Bride

If you have children, sir, pity mine! - no book found to confirm but the words come straight out of Arthur’s Steps Towards Heaven.

The Anxious Moment – This is the only caption that we couldn’t find a quote for in any of Arthur’s books but all the other captions are enclosed in speech marks inferring a quote but this caption does not have any and the words are in capitals inferring perhaps some event in the book rather than an actual quote. Roger was also able to give me a copy of an advert from one of the books showing eight titles all by Arthur, all our seven books are included and perhaps the eighth Out of this World would have had The Anxious Moment as it’s frontispiece like the others?

Roger also mentioned that he had found an advert in The Publishers Circle 1st February 1877 that listed all the eight titles by Arthur and published by Nicholson being “New works being published between January 18 to 31”

So in conclusion through the collaboration of minds we have ascertained why these two sheets were printed and how they were used, commissioned by the publishers William Nicholson of Wakefield and also Paternoster Square in London for use in a series of eight books by the American author T S Arthur published in 1877.

Can you supply images of the frontispieces and title page that we haven’t been able to trace?

Nicholson seems to have also published other books by T S Arthur but these may have been later and we don’t know if they have any coloured frontispieces – is there a third sheet that Kronheim prepared for Nicholson?